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Short Biography of 'Madan Mohan Malviya' (365 Words)

Short Biography of 'Madan Mohan Malviya' (365 Words)
'Madan Mohan Malviya' was born on December 25, 1861 in Allahabad. His grandfather Pt Premdhar and father Pt Baijnath were Sanskrit scholars. His father, Pt Baijnath, was also an excellent Kathavachak (narrator of the stories from Bhagawat). Madan Mohan was married in 1878 to Kumari Devi of Mirzapur.

Madan Mohan’s education began at the age of five. He was a diligent boy. He matriculated in 1879 and joined the Muir Central College and graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884. He wished to devote himself entirely to the service of the nation. Though he studied law and passed the LL.B. examination in 1891 yet he was not interested in legal profession. He was given the title of ‘Mahamana’. He is most remembered as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi.

Madan Mohan Malviya was a great Scholar, educationist, man of action and a leader of tile national liberational movement. He became popular for his outspoken views about media as a subject of the British, the abject poverty of the masses and the indifference of the British towards them. He was duly appointed member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916. On account of his services to the Congress he was elected its President in 1909,1918,1932 and 1933.

Madan Mohan Malviya was a strong supporter of the Congress. He founded the Hindu Mahasabha in 1906. He became a High Court Vakil in 1893. He always preferred to public work over his legal work. He started many daily, weekly and monthly newspapers and magazines. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.

Madan Mohan Malviya was a conservative in social matters. He believed in the ‘Vamashrama Dharma ‘ (caste system). He was known for his gentleness and humility. It will be true to say that he considered responsive co-operation a better policy than civil disobedience. He died on November 12, 1946 at the age of 85. He was posthumously conferred with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, on 24 December 2014, a day before his 153rd Birth Anniversary. Madan Mohan Malviya occupied a very high position in Indian public life and his public activities were numerous. 

Madan Mohan Malaviya, in full Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, also called Mahamana, (born December 25, 1861, Allahabad, India—died November 12, 1946, Allahabad?), Indian scholar, educational reformer, and a leader of the Indian nationalist movement.

Malaviya was the son of Pandit Brij Nath, a noted Sanskrit scholar, and his early education took place at two Sanskrit pathshalas (traditional schools). After graduating from Muir Central College, Allahabad, in 1884, he took up teaching in a local school. He was a diligent scholar and instructor, but he was more attracted to politics, and he made his political debut at the 1886 Calcutta (Kolkata) session of the Indian National Congress. An industrious worker, he soon climbed the ranks in the party and was elected president of Congress four times. Malaviya also served on the Imperial Legislative Council (1909–20). A gifted orator, he participated actively in debates on issues including free and compulsory primary education, the prohibition on recruiting of Indian indentured labour in the British colonies, and the nationalization of railways. Though a strong supporter of Congress, Malaviya helped establish the Hindu Mahasabha (“Great Society of Hindus”) in 1906, which brought diverse local Hindu nationalist movements together.

Malaviya, who was keenly interested in uplifting the educational standards of the country, was the principal founder in 1916 of the Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi, a premier institution of learning in India. He served as the university’s vice-chancellor for some two decades (1919–38) and remained active at the school until his death. Malaviya’s consciousness toward the public led to the launch of his own Hindi-language weekly, the Abhyudaya (1907), the Leader of Allahabad, an English-language daily (1909), and the Hindi monthly the Maryada (1910). In addition, he was chairman of the board of directors of the Hindustan Times from 1924 until he died.

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